Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a kind of viral infection that mainly attacks the nose, throat, lungs and sinuses. Although to some people the flu may last for one or two weeks, it can really be very dangerous, especially for elderly, people with chronic conditions and little children. Therefore, it is highly advised to receive flu vaccine from a reputable doctor in every year to get rid of the flu. However, there are several tips on how to deal with flu in case you are sick,
These tips include; Identifying the flu. Before treating flu, one should recognize the flu symptoms such as;
- Sore throats
- Cough which sometimes is severe
- Runny nose
- Body fatigue
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Diarrhea in small children
- Breath shortness
- Use of medication
Every person should understand that vaccine is the best way to fight the flu. The vaccines mainly take two or three weeks to work fully on your body and help you overcome the flu.
There are two types of vaccinations. The nasal spray and the flu shot. Additionally, people with the following condition should not use nasal spray
1- Younger children below 20 years or older than 49 years should not use the nasal spray
2- Don’t use it if you have a heart disease
3- People with asthma
4- Kidney diseases
5- Problem with immune system
Antiviral medications are available over-the-counter. Take the medicine as directed by the doctor. Overdosing is very dangerous and will affect your entire body health. Overdosing can also cause death. Additionally, it is also important to finish the dose as prescribed by the doctor so as you can acquire positive results. Antiviral flu drugs reduce the duration of illness, control outbreak, and reduce complication brought by the flu.
Take vitamin c
Vitamins c improves the body immune system that is protecting it against diseases like the flu. If you don’t like vitamin c supplement, you may consider the following foods since they are rich in vitamin C;
- Kale, watercress
- Citrus fruits
- Broccoli, Brussels sprouts
- Chili peppers
Home remedies of tackling flu
Sleep- ensures that that you get pretty of sleep since sleep is the best way to fight the flu. The elderly and the young needs more sleep of about 10 to 12 hours in a day.
Plenty water- it is also important to take plenty of fluids. Water keeps your body hydrated. Drink at least eight glass of water per day.
Stay clean always
The flu may get into your hands as you try to blow your nose. Therefore, it is good to clean your hands and entire body using warm water.
You should often clear mucus from your nose using a clean and dry towel.
Gargle using salt water- this will relieve a sore throat that is a symptom of the flu. Gargle for few minutes and then split the water out.
Also, the above tips will help you on how to deal with the flu.